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2nd and 3rd Grade

Rules For DYAA Recreational Soccer Teams



These rules apply to all age-levels:



1)    Parents and fans can cheer positively…no negatives…no coaching from parents on the sidelines

2)    Coaches can cheer positively…coaches may correct, but not by yelling and screaming negatives at a player.

3)    Neither parents, fans, players or coaches are permitted to ridicule or intimidate the refs…the refs control the game…the coaches facilitate the play…the players play the game…the fans enjoy the game…and EVERYONE supports the players, the teams, coaches and the refs. 

4)    Parents and fans must observe the game on the sidelines opposite from the players and coaches.

5)    Parents, fans, players and coaches are not permitted to observe the game from an end-line.

6)    Players, coaches, parents, fans and refs must comply with the DYAA Code Of Conduct.

7)    Coaches must give equal playing time to every player on their roster.



These rules apply to the 2nd/3rd  League:



1)    Teams in the U8/9 league should have 3 or 4 practice sessions before the season opens.  After the season begins, teams in this league will typically practice once each week plus they play twice each week as scheduled.


2)    Objectives:  have fun…become familiar with the ball…develop a desire to play with the ball…motivate the kids to play and learn more about soccer, teamwork and good sportsmanship…further develop basic technique with throw-ins, stopping the ball with feet, thigh, chest…develop dribbling skills, changing directions, using both feet to dribble…teach passing…develop sense of field and team play…develop understanding of the rules…develop understanding of three lines of play.


3)    Games will be on the small junior fields at Mingo Park. Use a size 4 ball.  The game consists of four 10 minute quarterswith a 3 minute break after the 1st and 3rd quarters and a 5 minute half-time break.  The more frequent breaks created by playing 4 quarters during each game enables coaches to instruct their teams every 10 minutes.


4)    Games will consist of 6, 7, 8 or 9 field players and a goalie.  The opposing coaches decide how many players will be in the field during a game based on the number of players on the roster and how many players show up for the game.


5)    Coaches can make substitutions on a) any corner kick, b) your team’s throw-in, c) Your opponent’s throw-in if they are sending in a sub (but not if your opponent isn’t subbing on their throw-in), d) goal kicks, e) kick-offs from mid field (following a goal) and f) 1:1 following an injury if the injured player leaves the field.


6)    If coaches agree, they may increase or decrease the number of field players on a side, so long as both teams have the same number of players on the field at the same time.


7)    Tennis shoes or soft-cleated soccer shoes are recommended.  Shin guards are required.


8)    During the first 2 weeks of each season, each team can have no more than 2 coaches on the field instructing their players while the game is being played (i.e. there will be no refs for the 1st two weeks).  After the 1st two weeks of the season, coaches are NOT on the field during the games (unless they are reffing).  The coach must instruct and direct their players from the sidelines


9)    To begin play, opponents must be 5 yards away during the kickoff.  The ball must be played forward and can’t be touched by the initial kicker until first touched by another player.  Re-start if necessary.


10) To score, the ball must completely cross the line in the goal…do NOT emphasize the score…do NOT run up the scoreagainst your opponent.


11) If one team goes ahead by 4 goals, they must pull one player off the field.  If that team scores again (ie now up by 5 goals) they must pull a second player off the field.  If they’re scored on (ie now up by 4 goals) they can put one player back on the field.  If they’re scored on again (ie now up by 3 goals) they can put the other player back on the field so that both teams are again at full strength.   This same process will continue back and forth if one team goes up by 4 again.  If a team is more than 5 goals ahead, they do not need to pull any more players off the field, but they must introduce some internal team procedures such as:  players must score with their left foot (or right if the player is left footed)


12) Flagrant fouls will be called by the referee.  Offside will be called, but the ref should interpret the off-sides rule more loosely than with the older leagues (since off-sides is being introduced for the first time at this age level).


13) Free kicks, penalty kicks, goal kicks and corner kicks will be taken at this level


14) Although not required, it is recommended that the coach designate three lines of players – front line (strikers), middle (half backs) and back (full backs).  It is further recommended that all players be given opportunities to play in each of the lines throughout the season, thus helping each player develop a sense of the entire field and the responsibilities of the various positions.  Players should not be restricted from going to the ball UNLESS that player has been deliberately placed in a position because he/she had been dominating play and/or scoring too many goals at-will.  For example, even though your team is playing three lines, this does not, however, mean that the defense is supposed to stay back by the goal while the forwards advance and try to score.  


All three lines can and should advance up and down the field…and move back as their opponent re-gains control of the ball.  That’s where the “players should not be restricted from going to the ball” comes in. It’s a hard thing to teach… but we want 2nd/3rd graders to avoid ending up in a mass of players all bunched up and kicking at the ball together.  That’s why we begin to introduce the lines as early as in 1st grade.  In the 2nd/3rd grade league you can be teaching them to pass side to side, front to back, back to front…the 3 lines helps the player realize that soccer is a game of space…and passing…and teamwork.


15) The time indicated on your schedule is the time when your GAME STARTS on the junior fields. Please be ready to begin your game promptly at that time.  Arrive at least 30 minutes before game time, allowing plenty of time for warm-ups.


16) Coaches will designate when your practice sessions will be.


The most commonly invoked rules in soccer:


1)    If the defending team plays the ball over its own end line, the attacking team puts the ball back in play with a “corner kick.”


2)    If the attacking team plays the ball over the defending team’s end line, a “goal kick” is awarded.  A goal kick is taken from anywhere inside the goal area (small box) and must travel beyond the box or else it is replayed.  No opponents are allowed inside the box until the ball leaves the area.


3)    No field player may deliberately touch the ball with their hands.  If the ball inadvertently touches a player’s hands it is not a foul.  When a “hand ball” is called, the opposing team is awarded a “direct kick” (ie. the team can score without the ball having to be touched by another player) at the point of the infraction.


4)    In the event of an inadvertent handball “in the box,” the play shall continue.  A deliberate hand ball in the box results in a “penalty kick” which is a free kick taken from the penalty spot.  In DYAA, only a flagrant foul in the box will result in a penalty kick. 


5)    When a player is taking a penalty kick, all other players must not be any closer to the ball than the line at the box.  For all other awarded free kicks, defending players must be at least 10 yards away from the where the ball is being kicked.  The team taking the kick can be as close to the ball as they want to be.


6)    Build Out Line:  At the recommendation of the U.S. Soccer Federation, DYAA adopted the Build Out Line for the U8/U9 league effective with the fall, 2019 season.  It’s an awesome enhancement for our U8/U9 teams…DSSC teams adopted the new rule several years ago. 


The build out Line is marked midway between the penalty area line and the halfway/midfield line…it’s a white dash line. The build out line promotes playing the ball out of the back in a more controlled and less pressured setting…rather than teaching players to just send the ball as far as they can down the field and chase after it!


Here’s how it works:  when/once the goalkeeper has possession of the ball, either during play or for a goal kick, the opposing team must move back to the build out line until the ball is put back into play. The opposing team has 6 seconds to move behind line.


NOTE:  if the opposing team takes longer than 6 seconds to move behind the line, referee will warn the coach. If the delays continue, an indirect free kick will be awarded on the build out line.


The goalkeeper is not required to wait until the opposing team is behind the line to put the ball in play…but the keeper can certainly choose to do so if they want.  


To put the ball back into play, the goalkeeper can pass, throw, or roll the ball into play. Punting is not allowed. If the goalkeeper punts the ball, restart is an indirect free kick on the penalty area line parallel to the goal at the nearest point to where the infringement occurred.


The ball is considered back ‘in play’ as soon as it leaves the goalkeepers possession and is touched by a teammate…at which time play resumes as normal and the opposing team is then allowed to cross the build out line.


When the goalkeeper first puts the ball into play, players on the opposing team may not be penalized for an offside offense between the halfway line and the build out line.


ALSO with this new rule…the build-out line, not the halfway line, is used to denote an offside violation…so an attacker can’t be penalized for offsides between the halfway line and the build-out line.  As such, the offside violation is enforced on a smaller portion of the field while still not allowing an attacker to hang out by the opposing team’s goalkeeper…much better for our 2nd/3rd grade kids who are just learning the offside violation.


7)    A player is “offside” if (while in the attacking portion of the field described above) he/she is in front of the ball AND there are fewer than two defenders between he/she and the goal (one defender may be the goalkeeper).  Offside is only called when the player’s position affects the development of the play or if the player is trying to gain an advantage by being there.  An “indirect kick” (ie. the team can’t score without the ball having first been touched by another player) is awarded where the player is offside. 


8)    Remember that a player even with the last defender is Onside…a player is only offside if he/she is in the field of play while in the offside position on the field.


9)    “Direct kicks” are awarded at the site of the infraction for tripping, kicking, pushing, holding violently charging, interfering with the goalkeeper and dangerous play.  A player kicking the ball while he/she is on the ground if other players are near the ball is considered to be a “dangerous play.”  Also, high kicks are considered dangerous plays.


10) Flagrant and/or intentional fouls shall result in direct kicks…flagrant and/or intentional fouls inside the box shall result in a penalty kick.  Non-flagrant and/or unintentional fouls inside or outside the penalty box shall result in an indirect kick at the point of infraction.  All fouls should be explained clearly and stringently


11) A “drop ball” is awarded whenever the ref is uncertain of possession, or when dual penalties are called for the same play, or after an injury time out. 


12) Slide tackling is not permitted.


13) Heading the ball is NOT permitted.  The infraction results in an ‘indirect kick’ if the infraction is outside the box and a ‘direct kick’ if inside the box


14) The goalie may NOT pick up (or otherwise touch the ball with his/her hands) if it was intentionally kicked back to the goalie by a member of the same team.  If so, the opposing team receives an indirect kick from the point of infraction.  If the ball is unintentionally kicked back to the goalie or if it ricochets back to the goalie off another player on the goalie’s same team, or if the ball is headed back to the goalie then the goalie may pick up the ball with his/her hands.


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